Environmental Protection

We meet our responsibility to protect the environment in many different ways. We are continuously working to reduce the environmental impact of our business activities and develop product solutions that benefit the environment. For us, an efficient approach to raw materials and energy makes both ecological and economic sense. Our measures help reduce environmental impact and at the same time cut the costs associated with materials, energy, emissions and disposal.

Responsibility for steering and monitoring health, safety and environmental protection (HSE) across the Group lies with the enabling function of the same name. It establishes targets, key performance indicators and framework conditions in the form of corporate policies – such as "HSE Management and HSE Key Requirements" - and other measures. HSE management systems are integrated into business processes across the Bayer Group. Operational implementation is effected in the divisions. The continuous review and revision of corporate policies by the HSE enabling function and regular mandatory internal audits and external certification processes ensure that the systems at all sites meet the requirements in each case. more

Energy

The energy needs of our production operations depend on the production processes and the depth of our value chain. Our raw material extraction activities, including treatment and downstream processing, for the manufacture of crop protection intermediates are especially energy-intensive. In the area of Pharmaceuticals, the production of innovative active ingredients is also energy-intensive.

Compared to 2018, Bayer’s total energy consumption rose by 34.0% to 38.7 petajoules in 2019. This is due to the first full-year inclusion of energy consumption at the sites of the acquired agriculture business. As the production volume rises, the primary and secondary energy consumption required for production processes also increases.

Energy efficiency reported as the ratio of energy used to external sales deteriorated from 218.51 kWh/€ thousand to 247.15 kWh/€ thousand.

Energy management systems such as ISO 50001 help to identify potential energy savings in existing production processes, in the development of new production processes and in the conversion of existing production processes. We describe energy savings projects that were implemented at various sites in our report to CDP. more

Air Emissions

Climate Protection

We consider climate protection and the related reduction of greenhouse gas emissions to be a top priority and have therefore set ourselves ambitious targets in this area. Our further developed sustainable development strategy contains a comprehensive package of measures in the area of climate protection. We are endeavoring to achieve carbon-neutral production by 2030 and will apply several strategic levers to reach this goal. More information is available in the Sustainability Report and the key topic of climate protection.more

Bayer acted on the recommendations of the Task Force on Climate-Related Disclosures (TCFD), the initiative on the corporate reporting of Climate-related financial opportunities and risks. The table below shows, where we publish the required information and is divided into the four TCFD key areas: governance, strategy, risk management, and metrics and targets.

TCFD-Index

Disclosure?Focus?Area Disclosure?Details Company?Source??????????????
Governance Disclose the organization′s governance around climate-related risks and opportunities a) Describe the board′s oversight of climate-related risks and opportunities CDP Climate report: C1.1, C1.1a, C1.1b;
Sustainability report: 2. Corporate Governance
Annual report: 3.2.3 Overall Assessment of Opportunities and Risks by the Board of Management
b) Describe management′s role in assessing and managing climate-related risks and opportunities. CDP Climate report: C1.2, C1.2a; C2.2b, C2.2d;
Sustainability report 2019: 2. Corporate Governance
Annual report 2019: 3.2 Opportunity and Risk Report, 4. Corporate Governance Report Bayer
Strategy Disclose the actual and potential impacts of climate-related risks and opportunities on the organization’s businesses, strategy and financial planning

a) Describe the climate-related risks and opportunities the organization has identified over the short, medium and long term CDP Climate report: C2.1, C2.2c, C2.2d, C2.3, C2.3a, C2.4, C2.4a; C2 Risks and opportunities
Sustainability report 2019: Section Sustainability Strategy
Annual report 2019: 1.2 Strategy and Management
b) Describe the impact of climate-related risks and opportunities on the organization’s businesses, strategy and financial planning CDP Climate report: C2.3a, C2.4a, C2.5, C2.6, C3.1, C3.1c,
Sustainability report 2019: Section Sustainability Strategy
Annual report 2019: 1.2 Strategy and Management
c) Describe the resilience of the organization’s strategy, taking into consideration different climate-related scenarios, including a 2°C or lower scenario. CDP Climate report: C3.1a, C3.1d;
Risk Management Disclose how the organization identifies, assesses and manages climate-related risks. a) Describe the organization’s processes for identifying and assessing climate-related risks.
CDP Climate report: C2.2, C2.2a, C2.2b, C2.2c, C2.2d,
Sustainability Report 2019: 2.7. Sustainability Management, 4.2 Sustainability in the Supply Chain
Annual Report 2019: 3.2 Opportunity and Risk Report
b) Describe the organization’s processes for managing climate-related risks CDP Climate report: C2.2d, C2.3a, C3.1c, C4.3c
Sustainability Report 2019: 2.7 Sustainability Management
Annual Report 2019: 1.2 Strategy and Management, 3.2.1 Group-wide Opportunity and Risk Management System
c) Describe how processes for identifying, assessing and managing climate-related risks are integrated into the organization’s overall risk management CDP Climate report: C2.2; C2.2a, C2.2b, C2.2c, C2.2d, C2.3a
Sustainability Report 2019: Sustainability Strategy
Annual Report 2019: 1.2 Strategy and Management - Sustainability, 3.2 Opportunity and Risk Report
Metrics and Targets Disclose the metrics and targets used to assess and manage relevant climate-related risks and opportunities a) Disclose the metrics used by the organization to assess climate-related risks and opportunities in line with its strategy and risk management process. CDP Climate report: C2.2b, C2.3a, C5, C6, C7, C8, C9, C11
Sustainability Report 2019: GRI Content Index
Annual Report 2019: 1.7 Environmental Protection and Safety, 5.4 Nonfinancial and Other Disclosures by Bayer AG
b) Disclose Scope 1, Scope 2, and, if appropriate, Scope 3 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and the related risks. CDP Climate report: C6.1, C6.3, C6.5, ; C5, C6, C7
Sustainability Report 2019: 7.3. Air emission, 4. Sustainability in the Supply Chain
Annual Report 2019: 1.7 Environmental Protection and Safety, 5.4 Nonfinancial and Other Disclosures by Bayer AG
c) Describe the targets used by the organization to manage climate-related risks and opportunities and performance against targets CDP Climate report: C4.1, C4.1b, C4.2; C4
Sustainability Report 2019: Sustainability Strategy Climate Protection (SBT), Our Sustainability Targets,
Annual Report 2019: 1.2 Strategy and Management

Company sources:
Bayer Annual Report 2019/ Bayer Sustainability Report 2019/ Bayer CDP Climate report 2019 (fiscal 2018)

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

At Bayer, Greenhouse gas emissions are primarily caused by the combustion of primary energy sources such as gas an oil. These are used to generate electricity, steam and auxiliary energy (such as for heating and cooling) for the production of our products. Emissions are also generated through our vehicle fleet and in the extraction and processing of raw materials .

In reporting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, we take into account the recommendations of the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol. In line with the increase in energy use, our total greenhouse gas emissions calculated according to the market-based method rose from 2.88 million metric tons of CO2 equivalents in 2018 to 3.71 million tons in 2019. Specific greenhouse gas emissions rose from 78.31 (kg CO2/€ thousand of external sales) in 2018 to 85.2 in 2019. more 

Water – An Essential Resource

Water and Wastewater

Responsible water usage is a cornerstone of our commitment to sustainable development. Clean water in sufficient quantities is essential for the health of people and plants. In our Water Position, we commit to complying with international, national and local legislation to protect water resources, using them as sparingly as possible and further reducing emissions into water. 95% of our sites that are located in water-scarce areas or in areas identified as being threatened by water scarcity already have a water management system.

In our water stewardship strategy, we address a variety of factors connected with water, from operational water use and innovative products such as seeds with a reduced water requirement to our commitment in the value chain and cooperation with partners. In our annual response to the CDP Water Disclosure, we report in detail on our water usage and the company-specific water footprint. In recent years, we have repeatedly been included in the CDP Water A List (leadership status). more

Waste and Recycling

We want to minimize material consumption and disposal volumes through systematic waste management. Safe disposal channels with separation according to the type of waste and economically expedient recycling processes serve this purpose. In accordance with Bayer’s corporate policies, all production sites are obliged to prevent, recycle and reduce waste and to dispose of it safely. Production fluctuations, building refurbishment and land remediation work also influence waste volumes and recycling paths.

Legislation prohibits the recycling and processing / treatment of a large proportion of our materials, especially pharmaceuticals and crop protection products. In our divisions, we make use of the opportunities for recycling within the framework of legal regulations. Production-specific and substance-specific recycling is carried out in compliance with the individual requirements of a given production site. more

Environmental Incidents and Transport Accidents

There were three environmental incidents – i.e. incidents that resulted in the release of substances into the environment – in 2019 (2018: two). A container ship whose consignment included crop protection products from Bayer sank on the way from Antwerp to Argentina, and two truck accidents in Brazil led to a product leakage of part of the load. Factors that determine whether there is a reporting obligation include, in particular, the nature and quantity of the substance, the amount of damage caused and any consequences for nearby residents. In accordance with our internal voluntary commitment, we report any leakage of substances with a high hazard potential from a quantity of 100 kilograms upward. All three environmental incidents were also transport incidents.

The table below shows a list of transport and environmental incidents in 2019.

Transport and Environmental Incidents in 20191

Transport Environment Personal
injury
Crop Science, Mereville, France, January 3, 2019
During truck loading, one of the 1000 liters Intermediate Bulk Containers fell down causing a release of material, which was cleaned up
X No
Crop Science, St. Louis, United States, January 8, 2019
A truck was involved in a rear end collision. Unfortunately, the driver of a 3rd party lost his life.
X Yes
Crop Science, Rios, Argentina, January 8, 2019
During a delivery freight transit, a 3rd party truck containing herbicide suffered a cargo rollover. The impact resulted in a 160 liters of herbicide spill on the road and damaged packaging.
X No
Crop Science, Dormagen, Germany, January 15, 2019
A truck with formulated pesticide drove along a narrow road closed for the transport of dangerous goods and got stuck. To recover the vehicle, the road was closed. The incident caused media attention.
X No
Crop Science, St. Louis, United States, January 30, 2019
Truck rollover with load of carrot roots for seed production, no spill.
X No
Crop Science, Muscatine, United States, January 31, 2019
Truck tipped over and road was blocked for a couple of hours. There was a minimal leak around the dome area, and it was contained.
X No
Crop Science, Pargould, United States, February 2, 2019
Truck loaded with beans rolled over, product was spilled.
X No
Crop Science, Clarion, United States, February 4, 2019
Truck side swiped and ran off road causing a road block. There was a road closure to remove truck and trailer from ditch. No damage to cargo.
X Yes
Crop Science, Remington, United States, February 13, 2019
Weather related accident. Multi vehicle accident due to icy roads. No environmental impact but the road was closed.
X No
Crop Science, Grinnell, United States, February 19, 2019
Truck rollover and seed was damaged and spilled. Equipment was towed and the road was closed.
X No
Crop Science, Boone, United States, February 25, 2019
Corn truck burned in fire and the product was lost.
X No
Crop Science, Centralia, United States, March 7, 2019
Truck loaded with beans rolled over as the result of a blown tire. Loss of product with no environmental impact
X No
Crop Science, Dormagen, Germany, March 12, 2019
Ship “Grande America” sank with Bayer container loaded (40 pallets of a Bayer product).
X X No
Crop Science, Leverkusen, Germany, June 21, 2019
While detaching the transfer hose from the truck, the residual pressure caused product to escape and wet the forwarding agent which caused an injury with personal damage.
X Yes
Crop Science, Villefranche, France, July 7, 2019
A fire burned a Bayer pallet which was stored in a truck outside the Bayer property.
X No
Crop Science, Pochuiky, Ukraine, July 24, 2019
The driver was on the way to the Pochuiky site, when the car was shifting off the road and collided with a tree. Unfortunately, the driver lost his life.
X Yes
Crop Science, Camacari, Brazil, August 3, 2019
A 3rd party vehicle broke into the road and crashed our truck. The driver lost control of the truck and rolled over. Road closure. No spill and product lost.
X No
Crop Science, Belford Roxo, Brazil, August 23, 2019
Due to sharply braking of the truck, the loaded agrochemicals were shifted, and a container got damaged. The product was spilled on the highway, cleaned up and adequately disposed.
X X Nein
Crop Science, St. Louis, United States, September 14, 2019
The product was spilled on the road and causing a blockade. It was cleaned up and adequately disposed.
X No
Crop Science, Belford Roxo; Brazil, October 17, 2019
Truck caught fire on highway, product spill on the highway due to firefighting operation. Afterwards it was cleaned up and the waste water was contained and disposed adequately.
X X No
Crop Science, St. Louis, United States, October 29, 2019
Minor leak from vapor recovery line, No one was injured during the incident, there was no media coverage and there was no traffic block.
X No
Crop Science, Casablanca, Morocco, November 5, 2019
When transferring goods from the site to the distribution warehouse, the Bayer truck driver had an accident and got injured.
X Yes
Crop Science, Villefranche, France, November 6, 2019
The carrier carried out Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBC) of Merlin Flex product to a warehouse. During unloading, 1 IBC was damaged by fork of a forklift. 960 liters were spilled and cleaned up.
X No
Crop Science, Nextipac, Mexico, November 25, 2019
During a trailer road accident, the truck was hit in the rear of the right side by a private car. Unfortunately, the driver of the private car lost his life.
X Yes
Crop Science, Cuiabá, Brazil, December 4, 2019
During a delivery freight transit, a 3rd party truck containing corn suffered a cargo rollover. All corn was collected from the ground and returned to distribution center for evaluation.
X No
Crop Science, Paracatu, Brazil, December 5, 2019
During a delivery freight transit, a 3rd party truck containing corn suffered a cargo rollover. All corn was collected from the ground and returned to distribution center for evaluation.
X No
Crop Science, Villagran, Mexico, December 14, 2019
The driver of a trailer with big bags of corn tried to avoid a maneuver from a small vehicle which caused the roll-over of the trailer

X No
Crop Science, Cuiabá, Brazil, December 21, 2019
During a delivery freight transit, a 3rd party truck containing corn suffered a cargo rollover. All corn was collected from the ground and returned to distribution center for evaluation.
X No

1

Bayer generally records all personal injury (including third-party claims) reported to us in connection with our business activities.

Biodiversity

Bayer aims to use natural resources responsibly in all its activities. This includes respecting and protecting ecosystem, species and genetic biodiversity. We are explicitly committed to the U.N. Convention on Biological Diversity and the associated Nagoya Protocol, and published a supplementary corporate policy on this issue in 2019 that defines principles on how to manage access to and the use and transfer of genetic resources and / or traditional knowledge throughout the company.

We benefit from biodiversity in numerous ways: through active ingredients for pharmaceutical development, but also through agriculture in particular. We are aware that our business operations are highly dependent on biodiversity and functioning ecosystems, and that they mutually influence each other. That’s why we undertake to account for the interests of biodiversity as comprehensively as possible in our core business and our research and development activities.

We have spelled out this stance both in our corporate policy on human rights and in our Position on the Protection and Enhancement of Biodiversity, which we updated in 2019. In the coming year, we want to further consolidate and strategically align our activities to protect biodiversity so that we can take effective measures in this regard, especially in the area of agriculture.

More about biodiversity can be found in the 2019 Sustainability Report and on our Crop-Science-Website.

Protection for the Beehive

Summer is the time of honey harvest in the beehive. Afterwards, beekeeper Ernst Caspari feeds his bees with sugar syrup to fortify them for the coming winter. But this alone is not enough to ensure the survival of the colony.

Read more